Statistics South Africa The South Africa I Know, The Home I Understand Wed, 21 Aug 2019 08:13:56 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Inflation dips lower in July Wed, 21 Aug 2019 08:13:56 +0000 read more »
Annual consumer price inflation retreated to 4,0% in July from 4,5% in June. This is the lowest CPI headline rate since January, when it was also 4,0%. A fall in fuel prices and a rise in municipal tariffs were the key price movers during the month.


Fuel prices edged lower in July, bringing some relief to motorists. This dragged annual transport inflation down to 3,0% from 5,5% recorded in June, which mainly explains the drop to 4,0% in the CPI headline rate. The price per litre of inland 95-octane petrol was R15,81 in July 2019. In July 2018, motorists were paying R16,02 per litre.1 The fuel price index dropped by 5,1% month-on-month, and fuel prices overall were 0,5% lower than they were a year ago.

Most municipalities increase their tariffs annually with effect from July. Household utility payments, which include municipal rates, electricity and water bills, contribute 6,9% of total household spending in South Africa’s CPI. Electricity tariffs increased by 10,5% in July 2019, higher than last year’s increase of 6,8%. Water tariffs rose by 10,3%, slightly lower than the 11,8% rise recorded in 2018. Municipal rates were up by 6,3%, lower than 2018’s 14,8%.

Annual food and non-alcoholic beverage inflation was 3,4% in July, down from June’s 3,7%.? Prices for bread and cereal products continued to climb, registering an annual rise of 7,9%. This was slightly higher than June’s 7,3%. Meat prices increased by 0,2% annually compared with 0,3% recorded in June.

For more information, download the Consumer Price Index (CPI) release for July 2019 here.

1 Department of Energy, Comparing prices for petrol, diesel and illuminating paraffin (IP) (click here).

Similar articles are available on the Stats SA website and can be accessed here.

For a monthly overview of economic indicators and infographics, catch the latest edition of the Stats Biz newsletter here.

]]> 0
Mbalo Brief – August 2019 Tue, 20 Aug 2019 09:34:35 +0000 read more »
Every year, on 9 August, South Africa celebrates Women’s Day in honour of the 20 000 women who marched to the Union Buildings on 9 August 1956 to protest against the discriminatory pass laws. Since then, the role and recognition of women in South Africa has transformed. In 2005 for instance, former president Thabo Mbeki announced the appointment of Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka as the first female deputy president of South Africa. Today, we have so many women who have made ground-breaking achievements such as Caster Semenya, Mandisa Mfeka (the world’s first black female fighter pilot), Advocate Thuli Madonsela, Maria Ramos (former chief executive officer of Absa Group Limited) and the list goes on. These women are proof that South Africa’s perception of women has changed over the years and that the country has taken some steps towards attaining gender equality. As much as some achievements have been made, however, there is still a long way to go as some women still experience challenges such as gender-based violence (domestic and sexual harassment at home and in the workplace), underage/forced marriages and motherhood penalties (a term given by sociologists when working mothers are considered less competent because they may not be able to do or handle the same work as a man or non-mother while having to take care of her children).


Download Mbalo brief August 2019

]]> 0
Focus on Improving Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Tue, 06 Aug 2019 09:10:34 +0000 read more »
The second African Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) Day will be commemorated on the 10th of August 2019,? under the theme, “Birth Certificate for All: Fundamental for Protecting Human Rights and Promoting Inclusion.” The fourth Conference of African Ministers responsible for Civil Registration, held in 2017, declared 10 August to be African Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Day, and advised member states to observe the day every year.3

The 2019 theme is informed by the need for African countries to integrate civil registration and legal identity as expressed in target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Agenda 2063, and to reinforce the centrality of civil registration – and registration of births in particular – as the foundation for strengthening the legal identity system.

Civil registration guarantees the provision of essential legal documents to individuals to secure their identity, nationality, civil rights and access to social services in a country. It ensures that decision-makers are provided with accurate information essential for policymaking, planning, implementation and monitoring. Registration of vital events enables governments to have documented evidence and understanding of the prevalence and distribution of causes of death, as well as to identify health inequalities and priorities.

South Africa is one of the few African countries producing vital statistics from the civil registration system. A civil registration system records statistics on vital events such as births, deaths, marriages and divorces. Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) produces annual reports on recorded live births, marriages and divorces as well as mortality and causes of death, based on civil registration data.

Vital statistics are produced both from the civil registration system using the relevant forms used to register vital events, as well as data downloaded directly from the National Population Register (NPR). South Africa has made great strides towards improving the coverage and quality of civil registration data over time.

According to the Recorded Live Births report for 2017, produced by Statistics South Africa, birth registration completeness was estimated at 89%, while 78% of births were registered within the legislated 30 days of occurrence.1


Registration for adult deaths during 2011–2016 intercensal period was estimated at 96%, with 79% of these deaths registered within 3 days of occurrence.2


South Africa, through the Department of Home Affairs (DHA), maintains an electronic National Population Register (NPR) from the civil registration system. Entry into the NPR is through birth registration, at which point a unique identification number is generated and issued together with a birth certificate. This number is a lifetime number used to issue an identity document (ID) or a smart ID card at the age of 16.

A complete Civil Registration and Vital Statistics System will ensure that no one is excluded from health coverage, schooling, and basic human rights.


1 Stats SA, Recorded Live Births, 2017 (download here).

2 Stats SA, Mortality and Causes of Death, 2016 (download here).

3 APAI-CRVS (download here).

]]> 0
Stats Biz – July 2019 Thu, 01 Aug 2019 12:44:58 +0000 read more »
Wherever you go, you transform the landscape. Where you choose to live, work, commute, shop, socialise and play – you influence the economic, social and environmental makeup of every area you touch. The development of the Basic Spatial Unit (BSU) frame is a first step in shedding new light on the complexity of the South African landscape and seascape. Explore the BSU, as well as other stories, in this edition of Stats Biz.

Download Stats Biz – July 2019


]]> 0
Discouragement decreases and unemployment increases in the second quarter of 2019 Wed, 31 Jul 2019 10:16:01 +0000 read more »
The results of the Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS) for the second quarter of 2019, released by Statistics South Africa (Stats SA), indicate that the official unemployment rate increased by 1,4 percentage points to 29,0% compared to the first quarter of 2019. The number of unemployed persons increased by 455?000 to 6,7 million in Q2: 2019 compared to Q1: 2019, resulting in an increase of 476?000 in the labour force.

The South African working-age population increased by 150?000 in Q2:?2019 compared to Q1:?2019. The number of employed persons increased by 21?000 to 16,3 million in Q2:?2019, and the number of unemployed persons also increased by 455?000 to 6,7 million compared to Q1:?2019, resulting in an increase of 476?000 (up by 2,1%) in the number of people in the labour force. The absorption rate, which is the proportion of the working-age population that is employed, decreased by 0,2 of a percentage point to 42,4%.

QLFS data story grap


In South Africa, the level of unemployment is high and there are few jobs that people can compete for. About 71,5% of those in unemployment have been looking for work for a period of a year or longer. There are a number of reasons why people choose to not seek employment. Not economically active is defined as those who were not employed during the reference period, wanted to work, were available to work or to start a business but did not take active steps to find work in the four weeks preceding the survey interview. These persons are regarded as discouraged work-seekers if the main reason for not seeking work was either that there were no jobs available in the area, they were unable to find work requiring their skills or they lost hope of finding any kind of work.

In the second quarter of 2019 the number of discouraged work-seekers decreased by 248?000. The number of people who did not look for work for reasons other than discouragement decreased by 77?000 compared to the first quarter of 2019, resulting in a net decrease of 326?000 in the number of people out of the labour force.

This decrease in discouragement stems from the number of discouraged work-seekers and the number of people who were not economically active for reasons other than discouragement decreasing by 248?000 and 77?000, respectively, between the first and the second quarters of 2019, resulting in a net decrease of 326?000 in the not economically active population.

Employment increased in two of the four sectors in Q2:?2019, with the informal sector recording the largest employment gains of 114?000, followed by the agriculture sector with 5?000. The formal sector and private households declined by 49?000 each, resulting in the net increase of 21?000 in total employment.

For more information on the Quarterly Labour Force Survey, download the full report here

]]> 0
Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS) – Q2:2019 Tue, 30 Jul 2019 10:33:03 +0000 read more »

30 July 2019

Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS) – Q2:2019

The results of the Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS) for the second quarter of 2019 released by Statistics
South Africa, indicate that the official unemployment rate increased by 1,4 percentage points to 29,0%
compared to the first quarter of 2019. The number of unemployed persons increased by 455 000 to 6,7 million
in Q2: 2019 compared to Q1: 2019, resulting in an increase of 476 000 in the labour force.

The South African working-age population increased by 150 000 in Q2:2019 compared to Q1:2019. The results
further indicate that the number of discouraged work-seekers decreased by (248 000) and the other not
economically active population by 77 000 resulting in the net decrease of 326 000 in the number of those who
were not economically active.

Employment in the Formal sector and Private households declined by 49 000 each. The Informal sector and
Agriculture on the other hand recorded increases of 114 000 and 5 000 respectively.

An increase of 21 000 in the number of people in employment in the second quarter of 2019 was mainly driven
by Trade (84 000), Community and social services (48 000), Construction (24 000) and Manufacturing (9 000).
However, employment losses were recorded in Private households (49 000), Transport (42 000), Mining (36
000) and Finance and other business services (21 000).

There were approximately 10,3 million persons aged 15–24 years in Q2:2019. The percentage of young
persons aged 15–24 years who were not in employment, education or training (NEET) decreased by 0,9 of a
percentage point to 32,3% (3,3 million) compared to Q1:2019. Of the 20,4 million young people aged 15-34
years, 40,3% were not in employment, education or training (NEET) – a decrease of 0,3 percentage points
compared to Q1:2019.

Issued by Statistics South Africa

For technical enquiries, contact:

Ms Gwen Lehloenya
Acting Deputy Director-General: Population and Social Statistics
Tel: 012 310 9324
Cell: 082 888 2323

Ms Malerato Mosiane
Acting Chief Director: Labour Statistics
Tel: 012 310 8688
Cell: 082 888 2449

For media enquires contact:
Ms Lesedi Dibakwane
Tel: 012 310 8578
Cell: 082 805 7088

]]> 0
SA population reaches 58,8 million Mon, 29 Jul 2019 08:00:21 +0000 read more »
The estimated population of South Africa stands at 58,78 million, according to the recently released 2019 mid-year population estimates (MYPE). The MYPE report provides population estimates at national and provincial levels, disaggregated by age and sex.

World Population Day, which took place on the 11th July, focused on enabling the youth with the necessary skills to reach their potential and economic growth. According to the mid-year estimates of 2019, the youth (aged 18–34) constitute almost a third of the population (17,84 million) in South Africa, with 9,04 million males and 8,80 million females. Almost 30% of youth (5,10 million or 28,6%) reside in Gauteng, with 3,47 million in KwaZulu-Natal (19,4%), making up almost half of all youth in South Africa. The Free State (4,7%) and the Northern Cape (2,0%) have the lowest proportions of youth.

Population age structure for data story

In South Africa, approximately 13% of the youth aged 20–34 are graduates. At a provincial level, it is clear the more rural provinces are disadvantaged, with significantly lower proportions of young graduates. This can be attributed to a number of factors, including migration. Interprovincial as well as international migration patterns significantly influence the provincial population numbers and structures in South Africa.


Gauteng and Western Cape received the highest number of in-migrants. In the period 2016–2021, net international migration to South Africa is estimated to have reached over one million. Gauteng accounts for 47,5% of net international migration, with Western Cape receiving 11,6%. Free State (3,1%) and the Eastern Cape (3,6%) attract the fewest of the net international migrants.


Using the demographic window of opportunity, the youth bulge in South Africa could be harnessed to unleash a potential demographic dividend. However, the majority of South Africa’s youth often falls within one of three categories: uneducated, unemployed, and unemployable. Quarter 1 of the 2019 QLFS indicated that youth (18–34) unemployment stands at 39,5%. Amongst those not in education, employment or training (NEET) (46,8%), the majority were female and black African, with just over a quarter (28,8%) having tertiary qualifications.

This picture is further supported by the 2015 Living Conditions Survey report, which indicates that 33,4% of persons aged 15–24 were considered poor on a multidimensional poverty scale due, primarily, to lack of educational attainment. Using a money-metric approach, a fifth of South Africa’s youth (18–34 years old) fell below the lower bound poverty line of R664 per person per month. Using population estimates as well as various survey indicators as inputs in the process of planning, policy and decision-making; challenges and opportunities for the youth in South Africa can be deliberated in order to ensure that no one gets left behind.

For more information on Mid-year estimates, download the full report here.

]]> 0
Statistics South Africa to release the Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS), 2nd Quarter 2019 Thu, 25 Jul 2019 09:02:22 +0000 read more »
MEDIA ADVISORY???????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????24 July 2019

Statistics South Africa to release the Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS), 2nd Quarter 2019

Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) will release the results of the Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS) for the second quarter of 2019 at a media briefing to be held on Tuesday,30 July 2019 in Pretoria.

Media briefing will be held as follows:

Date: Tuesday, 30 July 2019

Lock up: 11:00

Embargo: 11:30

Venue: Tshedimosetso House, Cnr Francis Baard & Festival street, Hatfield, Pretoria

(NB! There will be a video link to Imbizo Media Centre, 120 Plein Street, Parliament, Cape Town)



Oteng Makgotlwe Tel: 012 406 3407 Cell: 066 481 2025 Email:

Gift Madiega Tel: 012 406 3404 Cell: 066 481 2284 Email:


For media enquiries contact:

Felicia Sithole

Tel: (012) 337 2401

Cell: 076?430 0693



Issued by Statistics South Africa

]]> 0
Inflation holds steady in June Wed, 24 Jul 2019 07:42:39 +0000 read more »
Annual consumer price inflation was 4,5% in June 2019, unchanged from May 2019. The main contributors to annual inflation were food and non-alcoholic beverages; housing and utilities; transport; and miscellaneous goods and services.


Housing and utilities make up almost one quarter of the total consumer price index (CPI) in terms of weight (or relative importance). Most of this is housing rentals and the opportunity cost of owning and living in your own home. These indices are compiled using the inflation of actual rentals.

Housing inflation has slowed over the last three years. Due to the large weight of this category, this slowdown has dampened headline inflation, anchoring it at lower levels. In particular, owner’s equivalent rent has fallen from an average of 4,9% in June 2017 to 3,3% in June 2019.

Annual food and non-alcoholic beverages inflation was 3,7% in June 2019, up from 3,2% in May. Meat prices showed the first year-on-year increase in five months. Significant monthly increases were seen in beef mince (up 2,1%), beef steak (up 1,4%) and sausages (up 1,7%).

Prices for sugar and sweet products have climbed sharply over the past 12 months. In June 2018, prices were falling at a rate of 5,3% per year. In June 2019, the annual price increase was 8,2%.

Annual non-alcoholic beverages inflation was 7,3% in June, up from 6,9% recorded in May.

If drinking chocolate is your preferred beverage this winter, it might come as a surprise to learn than prices for drinking chocolate have climbed by only 1,5% over the 12 months to June, slightly faster than ground coffee (up 1,4%), but slower than other warm beverages such as black tea (up 4,2%) and rooibos (up 11,3%).

If we break this down by province, the average price of 500g of drinking chocolate in Free State was R52,74 in June 2019, cheaper than the R57,63 recorded for Western Cape.


Alcoholic beverages and tobacco have also seen strong inflation this year, although this is partly seasonal. More than three-quarters of the annual increase of 6,1% (recorded in June) has accumulated since January.

Download the Consumer Price Index (CPI) release for June 2019 here.

Similar articles are available on the Stats SA website and can be accessed here.

For a monthly overview of economic indicators and infographics, catch the latest edition of the Stats Biz newsletter here.

]]> 0
Mbalo Brief – July 2019 Mon, 15 Jul 2019 15:20:15 +0000 read more »
South Africa was one of the 19 countries participating in the 14th G20 (Group of 20) Summit which was held from 28 to 29 June 2019 in Osaka, Japan. The participants of the G20 Summit were leaders from 19 countries including Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Republic of Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States of America and the European Union(EU). During the 2019 G20 Summit, eight themes were discussed to ensure Global Sustainable Development set by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015 for the year 2030. The eight themes were Global Economy, Trade and Investment, Innovation, Environment and Energy, Employment, Women’s Empowerment, Development, and Health. These themes are in line with South Africa’s focus areas as outlined in President Cyril Ramaphosa’s State of the Nation Address (SONA) that was delivered on 20 June 2019. In this month’s issue of Mbalo Brief, our educational article is based on the Survey of Employers and the Self-employed (SESE) 2017 published by Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) on 19 March 2019. The aim of the SESE is to provide information about the characteristics of businesses in the informal sector in South Africa and furnish an understanding of their operation and access to services. Also have a look at our monthly crossword puzzle and solutions for the June 2019 puzzle. Articles published in this issue are based on results of industry surveys conducted for the months ranging from March to April 2019, such as Manufacturing and the Wholesale trade, to name a few.

Download?Mbalo Brief July 2019

]]> 0